Server-Side Rendering with Next.js

Server-Side Rendering with Next.js


2 min read

Next.js, a powerful framework for React, has emerged as a game-changer, especially in the world of SSR. This blog post explores the differences between client-side and server-side rendering, Server-Side Rendering with Next.js, and its pros and cons.

Understanding Client-Side vs. Server-Side Rendering

Before jumping into Next.js, it's crucial to understand the differences between CSR and SSR.

Client-Side Rendering (CSR)

How it Works: In CSR, the browser downloads a minimal HTML page, JavaScript, and CSS. The JavaScript then renders the content on the browser.

Pros: Rich user interactions, reduced server load, and dynamic content updates.

Cons: Slower initial page loads, potential SEO challenges

Server-Side Rendering (SSR)

How it Works: With SSR, the server sends a fully rendered HTML page to the browser.

Pros: Faster initial page load, improved SEO, and consistent rendering across different devices.

Cons: Higher server load, potentially less interactive, and can be more complex to implement.

Server-Side Rendering with Next.js

Next.js combines the best of both worlds, allowing developers to use server-side rendering for initial page loads and client-side rendering for subsequent navigations. Setting Up a Next.js Project

  1. Install Node.js: Ensure you have Node.js installed on your system.

  2. Create a Next.js App: Use the create-next-app command to set up a new project

npx create-next-app@latest my-next-app
  1. Run Your Next.js App: Navigate to your project folder and start the development server:
cd my-next-app
npm run dev
  1. Open the App: Open your browser and go to localhost:3000

Pros and Cons of Using Next.js for SSR


Optimized Performance: Next.js optimizes your application for better performance.

SEO Friendly: Enhanced SEO thanks to server-side rendering.

Easy to Get Started: Simple setup and automatic routing make it beginner-friendly.

Hybrid Rendering: Choose between SSR, CSR, or static generation as per your page's needs.


Learning Curve: Requires understanding Next.js conventions on top of React knowledge.

Server-Side Complexity: Managing server-side logic can be complex, especially for larger applications.

Resource Intensive: SSR can be more demanding on server resources than client-side rendering alone.


Next.js offers a robust solution for developers looking to leverage server-side rendering in their React applications. Its ability to combine SSR with CSR and static generation provides flexibility and performance benefits that are hard to match.

Further Reading